Archive for the ‘Economics’ Category

Mizoram Economy

Wednesday, October 29th, 2014

Company vai ho min zawhna common deuh, chhan tur vang ang reng tak “In ramin eng industry nge a neih?”, “In ram economy dinhmun enge? in main source of Income?” tih hi company vai ho hian min zawt vek in ka hria, ka hriat sual loh chuan.

Engtin nge in chhan ve thin? Heta kan chhanna hi a pawimawh ang reng ka tia, company vai te hi sorkar hna thawka Mizoram a rawn chuang chhuak ang hi an ni ve lo a, tourist pawh an ni lo, rei lo te chama hawng leh an ni tlangpui, mahse khami chhung khan an hriat duh ber chu kan ram economy, mipui mimir standard te a ni thung, kan lo chhan dan ang kha an thu hawn a ni tawh thin a, company meeting a an phawrh tur te a ni tawh thin. kan ram hmel hi kan chhanna hian a keng tel ka ti ve tlat.

Hetiang hian ka chhag tlang pui (Midang pawhin in chhan thin dan rawn share ve u la, ngaihthlak a chak awm a lawm):

1. 30% Govt employee an ni (ka risk), chuan 20% hi Sumdawng kan ni leh ang, chuan 30% hi mi hnena inhlawh a ei zawng, chuan 20% vel hi farmer an ni ang ka ti thin, a percentage hi chu ka risk liau liau
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MIZORAM BUDGET CHHEHVEL – Rochamliana

Wednesday, June 25th, 2014

March 25: Kum 2014-15 atana Mizoram State Annual Budget ruahman chhin leh kumin April-July chhunga sum hman tur bik leh Supplementary Demand for Grants 2013-14 chu Legislative Assembly-ah pharh a ni leh ta a. Mizoram Budget pharh a nih mek lai hian kan ram sum leh pai chevelin a kaihhnawih zinga rilru a awm thenkhat i han tarlang teh ang:

1) Lang tlanga hnathawh leh sum hman: Sorkar hnathawk tam zawk hi chuan an hnathawh dan leh an sum hmanna te mipuiin hriat ve chin an neih hi tul an ti lo mai a ni lova — an duh lo. India ramah tun hnaia coal (lungalhthei), iron-ore (thir) leh spectrum (inbiak pawhna lam) kaihhnawiha eirukna lian lar tak takte hi lang tlanga thil kalpui a nih loh luat avanga lo awm niin an sawi. P. V. Narasimha Rao sorkar hun laia duan Industrial Policy 1991 kha engemaw bul tan dawna phalna (licence/permit) lak tur tam lutuk tihbo nan leh chak zawka India ramin hmasawnna lamlian a zawh theihna tur atana duanchhuah a ni a; licence raj tih bona tur a ni. Mahse, he policy hi hman sual erawh chuan a ruk a rala dik lo taka tute emaw induhsak nan leh eirukna kawngkapui hawn nan a tangkai hlauh thei thung. (more…)

Mizoram Electric Power Dinhmun Leh Hmalakna Te:

Wednesday, August 21st, 2013

Mizoram hian electric power kan mamawh zat mahni a kan intodelh loh avangin ram pawn hmun hla tak tak thleng atangin kan lei a ngai thin a mahse kan mamawh leh duh ang zat hi kan hmu thei ngai lo. Electric Power chungchanga kan ram harsatna hi Mizoram a sawrkarna siamtu tan luhaina thlentu a ni ziah thin. Keimahni a kan intodelh hma loh hi chuan electric power chungchangah inpuhna leh insawifiahna tawp thei lo sawrkarna siamtu atangin leh opposition atangin a awm reng ang. Heng hi tawngkam thiamna leh hnialhrat vang mai mai a tih chi a ni lo. A tehna dik a tih chi a ni zawk, chuti anih loh chuan awmze nei lova hun khawhralna mai mai a ni.

Kum 2007-08, 2008-09 khan MNF sawrkarin mipui hnenah power 169.39, 165.38 Million Unit a sem theih laiin Congress sawrkar erawh chuan kum 2011-2012, 2012-13 ah chuan 252.30, 282.06 Million Unit zet mai mipui hnenah a sem a. Hetih lai hian Mizoram economy a thang nasa em em a MNF sawkar lai 10th Plan(2002-2007) chhung khan Mizoram Economy GDP chu 5.1%*(Planning Commission of India) in a than laiin Congress sawrkar lai 11th Plan (2007-2012) ah chuan Mizoram GDP chu 8.85% in a thang (hei hi Agriculture Sector 10th Plan a 0.15% a thang thin kha 11th Plan ah 6.7% in NLUP vanga a than chhoh vang a ni). Mizoram Per Capita Income (Mi tinin kum khata sum kan lak luh chawh rual) pawh Rs. 38,582 (2008-2009) atangin Rs. 54,689 (2011-2012) ah a kai chho ta dawr reng a ni. Chuti anih si chuan kan khawsak te pawh a lo awlsam tan a electric kan mamawhna tur thil bungrua leh khawl pawh kan lo nei hnem ta, Congress sawrkar hian mipui hnenah power min pe tam tulh tulh mahse kan indaih thei ta tak tak lo. Hei hi kan sawrkar hian hre rengin ram changkan chhoh zel avanga kan state in power kan mamawh ang kan neih theihna turin keimahni ngei hian kan mamawh zat kan siam chhuahna turin heng ang hian hma a la ta reng a ni.

I. Project thawh mekte :

1. Tuirial HEP (60 MW) : He project hi Central Sector hnuaiah NEEPCO hoin an thawk a, Saipum bula awm a ni. 60 MW pechhuak thei tur a ni. Kum 1998 khan he project lungphum hi Pu Lalthanhawla’n a phum a, hna pawh thawh tan nghal a ni. Vanduaithla takin compensation ngiata lungawiloten rokhawlhna an siam avangin kum 2004 khan hna chawlhsan a ni.
He project chhunzawm leh anih theih nan sorkarin theihtawpin hma a la a, Central sorkara thuneitu te hnenah harsa takin he project chhunzawm lehna tur hian a sawi chhuak a, January ni 14, 2011 khan Central Sorkar chuan remtihpuina (approval) chu a chhuah ta a ni. Order chhuah anih atanga thla 36 chhunga zo hman turin tih a ni nghe nghe a ni. NEEPCO hovin hna an thawk chhunzawm leh tawh a ni. Tuirial Project Generation atang hian Mizoram chuan 12% free power a dawng dawn a ni. A bak pawh Mizoramin Power Purchase Agreement neiin, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission in rate a siam angin a chang bawk ang.
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VILLAGE EMPLOYMENT COUNCIL

Saturday, July 20th, 2013

A tum : Sorkar laipui chuan India rama thingtlang miretheih te khaichhuahna atan chhungkaw tin hnenah an dam khawchhuahna tura pawimawh ei leh in an hmuh ve theihna turin an duh phawt chuan sorkar kumkhat chhungin Ni Za tal thiam thil zir belh ngai chuang lova inhlawhna siam sak a tum a. Lo neih lama thar chhuah tipung tur leh Pathian thilsiam khuarel thil tichereu lo leh siamtha leh tura hmalak kawnga Mirethei te tana inhlawhna siam sak hi a tum bulpui ber chu a ni. He ruahmanna hi mirethei te chanvo (Right) anih zia leh tumahin an namnul sak theih lohna turin India rama Rorelna sang ber, Parliament chuan August 23, 2005 khan “Dan” ni turin a lo pass ta a, he Dan hi Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 tih a ni.

Mizoram sorkar chuan Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 tihhlawhtlin kawngah 2009 khan ‘Mizoram Rural Employment Guarantee Schemes, 2009’ a duang a. Chuta tarlan anih dan ang chuan khawtinah Village Employment Council (VEC) awm turin leh Block level-ah Block Employment Council (BEC) leh District level-ah District Employment Council (DEC) awm turin a Scheme Para 7-ah hian tarlan a ni.

Mizoram-ah hian Part – 9 of the Constitution of India (Panchayati Raj) kalpui a ni rih lova, 6th Schedule anga enkawl kan la ni. 6th Schedule hnuaia Village Council hi din a nihphungah ram hmasawnna hna thawk tura duan a ni lova, Dan hmanga tualchhung roreltu (Police administration ?) tur an ni. Mipui hmasawnna hna (Welfare programme/scheme) siam a, enkawl a, tihlawhtling tura duan an ni lo. Amaherawh chu, tunlai khawvel thang zelah, hengte pawh hi khawih tel tir an lo ni ta a. Khawtina mipui thlan roreltu (Village Council) kan neih te hi an nghet mawh em em mai a. Kan Dan hman mekah hian sorkarin a nawm a maka awlsam tea thiah theih an nihna lai a awm a. A bik takin, Autonomous District Councils kan neih ho hnuaia Village Councils te phei chuan pawngsual an tawk zing malh malh hle a ni. Thingtlang hmasawnna tura ruahmanna eng engemaw ten a sukuk phah fo thin.
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Zo-business model leh Zo-inflation (Dichotomy of Zo- culture and economy)

Friday, June 7th, 2013

Ka thiam zawng ni miah lo, Zopa sumdawnna kalphung leh thil man sang zel in kaihhnawih dan THEORY hi ti hian ka han sam kual vel a. Economist emaw eng management diploma nei emaw ka ni hek lo. Zopa tawnhriat atangin ka rawn chhawp chhuak dawn a ni.

Zo-Business model ~ Sumdawnna kawng a kailawn kan pen dan

1. Hausak thut: Hei hian hausak thut chakna atangin kut hna emaw sawrkar hna emaw min hmuh hniam tir a. Kan rilru a lo lut hmasa ber chu sumdawnna a ni. Chu chu a saptawng tak chuan business an tih ang hi a ni , entrepreneurship an tih ang hi a kawk pha lo a ni. Innovative ideas lam aiin hlawk tumna rilru profit oriented nen bul tan a ni thin a, bul tan nan erawh sum lu a ngai!

2. In tih hmuh: Zo business hi intih hmuh kalchar atangin a lo chhuak a tih theih awm e. A hlawk a ni tih proved sa ngei kan bawh thin. Hmanah chuan sipai an luck a, a hnu leh ah chuan driver an luck leh a. Keini thangthar ho zingah chuan engineer leh doctor ten ngaihsan an hlawh ber awm e. Vanduaithlak takin zirna lamah hian kan thatchhe ve hrim hrim tih chu ka awih chiah loh avangin kan zirna kalphung (education system) dik loh ah puh ta I la. Ngaisang viau e ti lo chuan hna bul tan nan chuan thenawm te loan a lei taxi tangin sumo atangin truck leh JCB thlengin a niang chu kan intih hmuh a. A chhan chu, hnathawh kan tum lo va, thawh tir kan tum vang a ni.

3. Pawl din (association): Hei hi sum lu kan lo hmu a nih pawh in kan rahbi next a ni ve hrim hrim a. Damdawi zuar kan ni emaw mutia kan ni emaw union leh democracy inhmeh zia kan hrechiang ah ngai ta I la. Rei vak lo ah pawl kan din thuai thin. A nei ngah deuh an thu tlangpui. (more…)

Synod in 2012-13 budget Vbc 19 in khum

Friday, May 24th, 2013

Synod Finance Committee 105-na a a lan danin kum 2012-13 chhunga sum hmuh Pastoral-ah budget Rs.59,67,67,000/- (Nuai sangnga zakua sawm ruk pasarih singruk sangsarih) a ni a, Rs.64,36,59,045/- (Nuai sangruk zali sawmthum paruk singnga sangkua sawmli leh panga) hmuh niin budget hi 107.86% hmuh a ni. Mission budget chu Rs.1,00,50,24,000/- (Nuai singkhat panga singhnih leh sangli) a ni a, Rs.1,15,47,20,510/- (Nuai singkhat sangkhat zanga sawmli pasarih, singhnih zanga leh sawm) hmuh a ni a, budget hi 114.89% hmuh a ni.

(Courtesy: Vanneihthanga Vanchhawng via Special Report)

A vai a budget a khumna ( pahnih belhkhawmin) hi Nuai sangkhat zakua sawmruk panga, singriat sangriat zanga sawmnga leh panga (19,65,88,555) a ni. Vai tawng takin vbc 19 zetin budget hi a khum a ni.

State Economy ve thung (mimawl pakla hisap atangin): 2012-2013 a kan state GSDP chu vbc 8091.86 niin growth rate hi 10.37 (in real terms) niin kan Finance Minister khan a sawi a (Source: Economic Times). Synod in a vai a a sum hmuh hi cheng vbc 170 chuang a la lut a ni. Growth rate ti ve mai i la, budget a khumna ni 11.36 % (approx.) a ni. Hemi kum chhung a kan state budget ve thung chu HETAH hian a en theih a.

Kan kumkhat thawh chhuah nen lo teh khin leh ta i la. Ka data neih chhun kum 2010 leh kum 2011 chhung a kan per capita income chu cheng sing nga leh cheng sawmhnih pakhat a ni (5,00,021). Kan GSDP growth rate atangin pci hi 10.37% in dah pung ta i la. Nikum chhung ah kristian pakhat in cheng sing nga kan lak luh chuan mi nuai riat (nuai hnih dawn hi sakhaw dang bia an awm a 2001 Census projected) chuan vbc sang li (Cr 4000 approx) kan chaw lut tihna a ni ang a. Heta tang hian Synod hnuai (Presbyterian mi leh sa) te han chhut leh i la, kum 2005 ah chuan member nuai 4 chuang zet an awm a (A Study of The Cultural Factors in the Foreign Missions : Thinking of the Mizoram Presbyterian Church ~ Zaichhawna Hlawndo)
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Hiware Bazar

Thursday, March 21st, 2013

(Maharastra a thingtlang khua in kum 20 chhung a crorepati 60 lai an lo neih dan…..)

Hiware Bazar hi Maharastra a Ahmednagar district chhung a thingtlang khua niin kum 1972 a khua a khen chiam a vangin a nawlpui in he khua hi pem san a hlawh a. Hlawhtlinna lo intan tan hi kum 1989 a an khua a post graduate awm chhun Popatrao Baguji Pawar an Gram Panchayat Sarpanch hna chuh a a tlin tak atangin a ni a.
Ralegan Sidhi khua, Anna Hazare a ten an lo her danglam tawh zul zui a hmasawnna ruang am hi din a ni a.

hiware
Image source: betterindia.com
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Khawvela President hausa ber

Thursday, November 15th, 2012

Source: BBC.co.uk

Jose Mujica: The world’s ‘poorest’ president … hei hi BBC report ah ka hmu a, hmanni Zonet Fakselna ah “USA ah politicante chu an lal rei tial tial a, an cher tial tial a, Mizoram ah chuan an thau tial tial”, tih leh a hma lawka “Ram dangah chuan pawisa hmangin kawng an siam a, kan ramah chuan kawng hmangin pawisa an siam”, tia thiam taka kan ram nawm bik zia an sawi min ti hrechhuak uar uar mai. Uruguay ram President His Excellency Mr. Jose Mujica hian a thlakhat hlawh $12,000 atanga 90 vel lai charity atan a sem ral a, thla khata a kuta hman ral chu Uruguay rama thla khat chhung per capita share of GDP (per capita income, tih hi a dik lo nasa mai ania, khawi ramah mah GDP inzat thlapin an sem ral lo) $775 aia tam deuh awrh chauh ani. 2010 khan a asset a declare chu $1800 chiah, ama ta ve Vokswagen Beetle, 1987 model man.
A hlawh ah a lungawi hle aniang, sawma pakua lawih midang tanpui nana a hmang. Hetiang hi kan ramah an awm ve nual ka ring, Kristian tamna ram ani si a.

Hun Hnuhnunga Chhiatna Thleng Tur-te {Sunday Pual}

Sunday, November 4th, 2012

Thuhmahruai
Hun Hnuhnung Chhinchhiahna (Mt.24:1-44, Lk.21:7-19, 25-36, etc.) tia Bible-in khawvela chhiatna râpthlak chi hrang hrang thleng tur a sawi tuna thleng ţan mek chanchin kan sawi dawn a. Heng zingah hian khawvel awmdan phung (van lam)-a harsatna thleng mek te, lirnghing, nâtna chi hrang hrang mak tak tak thleng ţhin te, leilung da zel te, ţâm (famines) râpthlak tak thleng ţhin te, mipui suatna (population reduction) thleng tur hlauhawmzia te, indona (war) thleng thut thut leh tam tulh tulh te, nuclear ralthuam hlauhawm zia te, biological weapons râpthlak tur zia te, hlauhna leh thlabârna (terror/fear)-in khawvel min tuam dan te kan hawl thuak thuak dawn a ni. Duhthusamin ka khawih hman lova, belhchhah ngai leh tihdik ngai awm apiang chu chhiartuten inthlahrung lova comment lamah belh zel turin ka ngen nghal che u a ni. Chhiatna râpthlak tak lo thleng tur kan sawi tur te hi, thilthleng tunlai ber ber (latest) an ni lova. Kan sawi ai hian kan dinhmun hi a chhe zawk ngei ang tih hi ka rindan a ni mah mah.

A thui lutuk dawn avangin, sualna lo pung zel te, sakhaw dinhmun tlahniam ta êm êm te, fundamentalist/fanatic-ho hlauhawm zia te, Kohhran chhunga chawh-pawlh nun lo hluar ta êm êm te, Krista der/zawlnei der rawn pung zel te, zirtirna dik lo (pluralism) rawn hluar ta te, Pathian thu pawm dan dal tak (liberalism) avanga thlarau lama kan hniam tawh zia te, Setana biakna & Setana pawl (Satanism) hial pawh a hring a hrana hmuh-theih a nih tawh thu te chu remchang dangah kan khel leh zawk turah ngai ila.

1. Ozone Layer Pawp Mangan-pui
Ozone Layer hi Oxygen chi khat Ozone 03 a ni a, Ni leh Lei inkara mel 6-30 vela lei tuamtu boruak a ni. Ozone hian Ni aţanga direct-a nizung hlauhawm tak (ultraviolet ray) lo kal chu a lo dang a, mihring leh thlai te ngeih tawk chauhvin a pechhawng leh ţhin a ni. Kum 1985 khan Chhim lamah a pawp tih an hmuchhuak a, reilote ah Hmar lamah a pawp tih an hmuchhuak leh a. Siamţhat ngaihna a awm silo, a pawp zau tual tual si, scientist leh sorkar-te an mangang êm êm a ni. Mithiamte chuan he Ozone hi Meikhu lam chi (factory, motor etc.) effect avanga pawp a ni, an ti. (more…)

Cheng 4000-5000 an sem dawn an ti

Monday, October 22nd, 2012

CHHIARKAWP MAWL ANGRENG TAK

MNF kan vote tlin vaih chuan chhungkaw tinah Cheng 4000-5000 an sem dawn an ti.
Tha ka tih zawng tak ani. Sorkar budget a sum reng reng sorkar hnathawk hovin an insem ral vek mai thin hi mipui tan chan tur kan neih loh phah fo ani awm e.

Mahse an sem tur zat hi chhungaw tina Cheng 4000-5000 ni lovin Cheng 1,000,000 (Nuai 100) zawk nise ka duh. A chhan chu Cheng 4000-5000 lek an sem chuan a chuangbang mipui hriat lohva an thehthang tur a tam lutuk.

Entir nan, Mizoram ah mihring 1,000,000 vel kan awm a, chhungkaw pakhat ah 5 zel awm ta se, chhungkaw 200,000 vel tham kan awm dawn a. Cheng 4000-5000 lek an sem chuan Cheng 80,000,000-100,000,000 (vaibelchhe 80-100) lek an hmang ang a. Kum tin Cheng vaiblechhe 5000 chuang zet central sorkar atangin a thlawnin an hmu si a, kum 5 chhung chuan Cheng vibelchhe 25,000 lawih an dawng dawn ani. Chung zinga Cheng vaiblechhe 80-100 chauh kan chan chuan an chan tur chu Cheng vaivlechhe 24,999-24,920 lai ani dawn anih chu.

Chhungkawn tinah Cheng 1,000,000 sem ta sela, kum nga chhungin Cheng vaibelchhe 20,000 chauh a ngai dawn a. An sorkar hnathawk hlawh atan kum tin Cheng baibelchhe 1000 lawih an la chang dawn nai. Anni 60,000 vel chan atan chuan ala tam viau. Keini lam 940,000 tal kan ni si a. Chubakah chhungkaw 200,000 ziangah khian sorkar hnathawk an tel ve tho bawk si a.

Source: Vanglaini.org